PNLF Papers [Virgo image] [M31 image]

PNLF Publications

Ciardullo, R. 2010, "The Planetary Nebula Luminosity Function: Pieces of the Puzzle", Pub. A.S.A., 27, 149. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Herrmann, K.A., Ciardullo, R., Feldmeier, J.J., & Vinciguerra, M. 2008, "Planetary Nebulae in Face-On Spiral Galaxies. I. Planetary Nebula Photometry and Distances", Ap. J., 683, 630. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

van de Steene, G.C., Jacoby, G.H., Praet, C., Ciardullo, R., & Dejonghe, H. 2006, "Distance Determination to NGC 55 from the Planetary Nebula Luminosity Function," Astr. Ap., 455, 891. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Ciardullo, R. 2006, "The Planetary Nebula Luminosity Function," in Planetary Nebulae Beyond the Milky Way, (Berlin: Springer), [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Ciardullo, R. 2005, "Planetary Nebulae and the Extragalactic Distance Scale," Planetary Nebulae as Astronomical Tools (Melville, NY: AIPC), pg. 277 [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Ciardullo, R., Durrell, P.R., Laychak, M.B., Herrmann, K.A., Moody, K., Jacoby, G.H., & Feldmeier, J.J. 2004, "The Planetary Nebula System of M33," Ap. J., 614, 167. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Ciardullo, R. 2003 "Extragalactic Distances from Planetary Nebulae," Springer Lecture Notes in Physics, Stellar Candles for the Extragalactic Distance Scale, (Berlin: Springer), pg. 243 [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Ciardullo, R., Feldmeier, J.J., Jacoby, G.H., de Naray, R.K., Laychak, M.B., & Durrell, P.R. 2002, "Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles. XII. Connecting the Population I and Population II Distance Scales," Ap. J., 577, 31. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Ciardullo, R., & Jacoby, G.H. 1999, "The Circumstellar Extinction of Planetary Nebulae," Ap. J., 515, 191. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Ciardullo, R., Jacoby, G.H., Feldmeier, J.J., & Bartlett, R. 1998, "The Planetary Nebula Luminosity Function of M87 and the Intracluster Stars of Virgo," Ap. J., 492, 62. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Feldmeier, J.J., Ciardullo, R., & Jacoby, G.H. 1997, "Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles. XI. Application to Spiral Galaxies," Ap. J., 479, 231. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Feldmeier, J.J., Ciardullo, R., & Jacoby, G.H. 1996, "The Planetary Nebula Distance to M101," Ap. J. (Letters), 461, L25. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Ford, H.C., Hui, X., Ciardullo, R., Jacoby, G.H., & Freeman, K.C. 1996, "The Stellar Halo of M104.~I. A Survey for Planetary Nebulae and the PNLF Distance," Ap. J., 458, 455. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Soffner, T., Mendez, R.H., Jacoby, G.H., Ciardullo, R., Roth, M.M., & Kudritzki, R.P. 1996, "Planetary Nebulae and H~II Regions in NGC~300," A& A, 306, 9. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Jacoby, G.H., Ciardullo, R., & Harris, W.E. 1996, "Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles. X. Tests in the Coma I Region," Ap. J., 462, 1. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Hui, X., Ford, H.C., Ciardullo, R., & Jacoby, G.H. 1993, "The Planetary Nebula System and Dynamics of NGC 5128. II. A Planetary Nebula Catalog," Ap. J. Supp., 88, 423. [ADS - Abstract]

Ciardullo, R., Jacoby, G.H., & Tonry, J.L. 1993, "A Comparison of the Planetary Nebula Luminosity Function and Surface Brightness Fluctuation Distance Scales," Ap. J., 417, 479. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

McMillan, R., Ciardullo, R., & Jacoby, G.H. 1993, "Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles. IX. The Distance to the Fornax Cluster," Ap. J., 416, 62. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Mendez, R.H., Kudritzki, R.P., Ciardullo, R., & Jacoby, G.H. 1993, "The Bright End of the Planetary Nebula Luminosity Function," A & A, 275, 534. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Hui, X., Ford, H., Ciardullo, R., & Jacoby, G. 1993, "The Planetary Nebula System and Dynamics of NGC~5128. I. Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles," Ap. J., 414, 463. [ADS - Full Paper]

Ciardullo, R., & Jacoby, G.H. 1992, Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles. VIII. Evidence for a Change in the Luminosity Function Cutoff at Low Metallicity," Ap. J., 388, 268. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Jacoby, G.H., Branch, D., Ciardullo, R., Davies, R.L., Harris, W.E., Pierce, M.J., Pritchet, C.J., Tonry, J.L., & Welch, D.L. 1992, "A Critical Review of Selected Techniques for Measuring Extragalactic Distances," Pub. A.S.P., 104, 599. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Ciardullo, R., Jacoby, G.H., & Harris, W.E. 1991, "Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles. VII. A Test Vs.~Hubble Type in the NGC 1023 Group," Ap. J., 383, 487. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Jacoby, G.H., Walker, A.R., & Ciardullo, R. 1990, "Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles. VI. A Test in the Magellanic Clouds," Ap. J., 365, 471. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Jacoby, G.H., Ciardullo, R., & Ford, H.C. 1990, "Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles. V. The Distance to the Virgo Cluster," Ap. J., 356, 332. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Ciardullo, R., Jacoby, G.H., & Ford, H.C. 1989, "Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles. IV. A Test in the Leo I Group," Ap. J., 344, 715. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Jacoby, G.H., Ciardullo, R., Ford, H.C., & Booth, J. 1989, "Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles. III. The Distance to M81," Ap. J., 344, 704. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Ciardullo, R., Jacoby, G.H., Ford, H.C., & Neill, J.D. 1989, "Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles. II. The Calibration in M31 and its Companions," Ap. J., 339, 53. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]

Jacoby, G.H. 1989, "Planetary Nebulae as Standard Candles. I. Evolutionary Models," Ap. J., 339, 39. [ADS - Abstract and Full Paper]


Web page by Robin Ciardullo ( rbc@astro.psu.edu )
Department of Astronomy and Astrophysics
Penn State University